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excuse是什么意思_excuse的用法大全

  • 2020-09-28
  • 528人已阅读

excuse的的用法,excuse怎么读

美 [ɪk'skjuz] 英 [ɪk'skjuːz]
  • n.借口;理由;辩解;(正当的)理由
  • v.原谅;宽恕;为…辩解(或找理由);准许…离开
  • 网络藉口;免除
复数:excuses  现在分词:excusing  过去式:excused  
  • good excuse,poor excuse,feeble excuse,perfect excuse,legitimate excuse
  • make excuse,give excuse,invent excuse,accept excuse,believe excuse
  • v.
  • blame,oblige
  • v.
  • forgive,pardon,explain,overlook,justify
  • n.
  • justification,reason,explanation,pretext,defence
  • 用法解析

    1.

    借口;理由;辩解

    a reason, either true or invented, that you give to explain or defend your behaviour

    Late again! What's your excuse this time?

    又迟到了!你这次有什么借口?

    There's no excuse for such behaviour.

    这种行为说不过去。

    His excuse for forgetting her birthday was that he had lost his diary.

    他辩解说因为日记本丢了才忘了她的生日。

    You don't have to make excuses for her(= try to think of reasons for her behaviour) .

    你不必为她辩解了。

    It's late. I'm afraid I'll have to make my excuses(= say I'm sorry, give my reasons and leave) .

    时间不早了。很抱歉,我得告辞了。

    2.

    (正当的)理由,借口

    a good reason that you give for doing sth that you want to do for other reasons

    It's just an excuse for a party.

    这只是借故一起聚会。

    It gave me an excuse to take the car.

    这使我有理由开车去。

    3.

    拙劣样品;蹩脚货

    a very bad example of sth

    Why get involved with that pathetic excuse for a human being?

    为什么要与那个讨厌的家伙混在一起?

    4.

    假条(家长或医生写明请假或给假理由)

    a note written by a parent or doctor to explain why a student cannot go to school or sb cannot go to work

    用法解析

    1.

    原谅;宽恕

    to forgive sb for sth that they have done, for example not being polite or making a small mistake

    Please excuse the mess.

    这里凌乱不堪,请见谅。

    You must excuse my father─he's not always that rude.

    你一定要原谅我父亲,他并不总是那样粗暴无礼。

    I hope you'll excuse me for being so late.

    我来得这么晚,希望你能原谅。

    You might be excused for thinking that Ben is in charge(= he is not, but it is an easy mistake to make) .

    你误以为是本在负责,这是情有可原的。

    Excuse my interrupting you.

    对不起,打扰你一下。

    2.

    ~ sth.~ sb/yourself (for sth/for doing sth)

    为…辩解(或找理由)

    to make your or sb else's behaviour seem less offensive by finding reasons for it

    Nothing can excuse such rudeness.

    如此粗暴无礼不能原谅。

    3.

    ~ sb/yourself (from sth)

    准许…离开;请求准予离开;(离开前)请求原谅

    to allow sb to leave; to say in a polite way that you are leaving

    Now if you'll excuse me, I'm a very busy man.

    如果可以,我先行一步了。我很忙。

    She excused herself and left the meeting early.

    她说了声“请原谅”就提前离开了会场。

    4.

    [usupass]~ sb (from sth/from doing sth).~ sb sth

    同意免除;同意免做

    to allow sb to not do sth that they should normally do

    She was excused from giving evidence because of her age.

    因年龄关系她获准不予作证。

    IDM

    Excuse me, is this the way to the station?

    劳驾,这是去车站的路吗?

    Excuse me, could you let me through?

    对不起,能让我过去吗?

    Guy sneezed loudly. ‘Excuse me,’ he said.

    盖伊大声打了个喷嚏,然后说了声“对不起”。

    Excuse me, but I don't think that's true.

    很抱歉,我认为这不是真的。

    ‘Excuse me for a moment,’ she said and left the room.

    她说了声“很抱歉,失陪一会儿”就离开了房间。

    Oh, excuse me. I didn't see you there.

    啊呀,对不起,我没看到你在那里。

    excuse me

    (引起尤其是陌生人的注意)劳驾,请原谅

    used to politely get sb's attention, especially sb you do not know

    Excuse me, is this the way to the station?

    劳驾,这是去车站的路吗?

    (客气地请人让路)对不起,劳驾,借光

    used to politely ask sb to move so that you can get past them

    Excuse me, could you let me through?

    对不起,能让我过去吗?

    (因打扰别人或失礼表示歉意)对不起,请原谅

    used to say that you are sorry for interrupting sb or behaving in a slightly rude way

    Guy sneezed loudly. ‘Excuse me,’ he said.

    盖伊大声打了个喷嚏,然后说了声“对不起”。

    (婉转地表示不赞成)对不起,请原谅,很抱歉

    used to disagree politely with sb

    Excuse me, but I don't think that's true.

    很抱歉,我认为这不是真的。

    (婉转地要求离开或要与另外的人讲话)对不起,请原谅,抱歉

    used to politely tell sb that you are going to leave or talk to sb else

    ‘Excuse me for a moment,’ she said and left the room.

    她说了声“很抱歉,失陪一会儿”就离开了房间。

    (因挤着别人或做错了事表示歉意)对不起,请原谅,很抱歉

    used to say sorry for pushing sb or doing sth wrong

    Oh, excuse me. I didn't see you there.

    啊呀,对不起,我没看到你在那里。

    (没听清楚,请对方再说一遍)对不起,请再说一遍

    used when you did not hear what sb said and you want them to repeat it

    1.

    为…辩解,表白;成为…的理由

    2.

    原谅,宽恕

    3.

    失陪

    4.

    解释

    5.

    允许

    6.

    推辞

    7.

    免除,宽免

    8.

    抵得上

    9.

    申辩

    10.

    免除,可以不要;不需要:

    1.

    为…辩解,表白;成为…的理由

    2.

    原谅,宽恕

    3.

    失陪

    4.

    解释

    5.

    允许

    6.

    推辞

    7.

    免除,宽免

    8.

    抵得上

    9.

    申辩

    10.

    免除,可以不要;不需要:

    1.

    托辞,借口

    2.

    辩解;解释;理由

    3.

    原谅,饶恕

    4.

    原因,理由,辩护的理由

    5.

    请假条

    6.

    道歉,歉意

    7.

    谢绝

    8.

    体谅;有情可原

    9.

    脱身之计;挡箭牌

    10.

    工具

    1.

    托辞,借口

    2.

    辩解;解释;理由

    3.

    原谅,饶恕

    4.

    原因,理由,辩护的理由

    5.

    请假条

    6.

    道歉,歉意

    7.

    谢绝

    8.

    体谅;有情可原

    9.

    脱身之计;挡箭牌

    10.

    工具

    1.

    to release somebody from blame or criticism for a mistake or wrongdoing

    2.

    to make allowances for somebody or something

    3.

    to release somebody from an obligation or responsibility

    4.

    to allow somebody to leave, or say politely that somebody should leave

    5.

    to leave with a polite apology or explanation

    6.

    to provide a reason or explanation for somebody's behaviour that makes it appear more acceptable or less offensive

    7.

    to forgive someone for something bad that they have done, especially something that is not very serious

    8.

    to give someone permission not to do something that they usually have to do

    9.

    free from duty,agree to do without;not demand or require

    10.

    forgive;overlook a fault

    1.

    to release somebody from blame or criticism for a mistake or wrongdoing

    2.

    to make allowances for somebody or something

    3.

    to release somebody from an obligation or responsibility

    4.

    to allow somebody to leave, or say politely that somebody should leave

    5.

    to leave with a polite apology or explanation

    6.

    to provide a reason or explanation for somebody's behaviour that makes it appear more acceptable or less offensive

    7.

    to forgive someone for something bad that they have done, especially something that is not very serious

    8.

    to give someone permission not to do something that they usually have to do

    9.

    free from duty,agree to do without;not demand or require

    10.

    forgive;overlook a fault

    1.

    a reason or explanation, not necessarily true, given in order to make something appear more acceptable or less offensive

    2.

    a false reason that enables somebody to do something he or she wants to do or avoid something he or she does not want to do

    3.

    an inept performer of a particular action or task

    4.

    a note from a doctor or parent confirming that somebody is not well enough to go to work or attend school

    5.

    a reason that you give to explain why you have done something bad, or why you have not done something that you should have done

    6.

    a reason for doing something that you want to do

    1.

    a reason or explanation, not necessarily true, given in order to make something appear more acceptable or less offensive

    2.

    a false reason that enables somebody to do something he or she wants to do or avoid something he or she does not want to do

    3.

    an inept performer of a particular action or task

    4.

    a note from a doctor or parent confirming that somebody is not well enough to go to work or attend school

    5.

    a reason that you give to explain why you have done something bad, or why you have not done something that you should have done

    6.

    a reason for doing something that you want to do

    语法用例

    例句1:

    How much is the operation expenses that excuse me the tit caves?

    请问乳头凹陷的手术费用是多少?

    例句2:

    I'm not going to think about this war, and I'm not going to use it as my excuse to not feel good any more.

    我不会去考虑这场战争,而且我也不会拿它来做感觉不再好的借口。

    例句3:

    Excuse me, Sir. but I think it's only fair to tell you that it's now or never if you want me in your next picture .

    我想为了公平起见现在最好告诉您:您现在可以选择我做你下一部片子的演员,否则您永远不会有这个机会了。

    例句4:

    But at her house, when she said, "Coming in? , " I said no, made an excuse, and never saw her again.

    等到了她家,她问我“进来吗?”,我说不,然后编了个借口离开,后来再没去见她。

    例句5:

    When that failed to get her back on her feet, her supervisor cooked up an excuse to send her home for a conference.

    在看到凯茜始终无法好起来后,她的上司编了一个回国开会的理由才将她送回美国。

    例句6:

    He said to his teacher, Mr. Brack, "Excuse me for my coming late, sir. I watched a football match in my dream. "

    他说,以他的老师,先生brack,“对不起,我来晚了,主席先生,我观看了一场足球比赛在我的梦”。

    例句7:

    If he has the money and no good excuse for not paying what he owes you, the only solution may be to take him to court.

    如果他有钱,而且没有充足的理由不偿还欠你的钱,那将他告上法庭也许是

    例句8:

    Earlier, he had secretly arranged to have a friend call him on the phone so he would have an excuse to leave.

    他事先安排了朋友给他打电话,这样他就能借故离开。

    例句9:

    The discussions give me an excuse to talk to him, fatherly conversations I cannot have with my own father, who would like me to be a lawyer.

    讨论问题向我提供了一个同他交谈的机会,我和我父亲从未有过这样的交谈,我父亲希望我将来当律师。

    例句10:

    He stands by the accuracy of his work and does not often use the easy excuse of "it's just a movie. "

    他坚持其作品遵循的精确性,而很少轻松地以“那不过是一部电影”来作借口搪塞。